Aide-Memoire For Iron Ore Cargoes – Chinese Buyers Should Twist Supplier Arms

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Feb 212011

Iro ore not so fines

Liquefaction of nickel and iron ores due to excess moisture continues to cost lives. One solution would be for Chinese importers to exercise their influence over their suppliers with a bit more vigour says the UK P&I Club, which has published a pocket-sized brochure to act as an aide-memoire when loading such cargoes.

Marine insurers are determined to keep the subject of dangerous bulk cargoes, and in particular nickel ores and iron ore fines, high on the Loss Prevention agenda. The UK Club’s latest initiative is an aide-mémoire for shipowners and shipmanagers in the form of a pocket leaflet that can be kept handy when a vessel is chartered to load such a cargo.
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Indian Iron Ore Warnings Continue

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Dec 162010

image North of English P&I Club, Nepia, has issued and alert regarding post-monsoon loading iron ore cargoes in India. Liquefaction of cargo is, unfortunately a common cause of ships foundering.

Warns Nepia: “The risks of loss of life, damage to the environment and loss of property are only too apparent, but if a Member fails to comply with the International Maritime Solid Bulk Cargoes Code and / or local regulations they should also be aware that they might be prejudicing Club cover. All of the Group Clubs have similar Rules which in essence exclude cover for liabilities, costs and expenses arising from unsafe or unduly hazardous trades or voyages.

Among the problems encountered are:

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Hong Wei: A Victim of Wetness?

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Dec 052010

A wet stockpile of iron ore

Almost half the crew of the Panamanian-flagged bulker Hong Wei remain missing after the vessel sank in rough weather between Taiwan and the Philippines in an incident which highlights the dangers of high moisture content mineral ore fines. Hong Wei was carrying nickel ore from Indonesia to Dalian port in northeastern China.

It is the second ship in less than a month to come to grief carrying a similar cargo. On 11 November Nasco Diamond sank off the southern coast of Japan with the loss of 21 crewmembers’ lives.

West of England P&I Club has issued a warning to its members regarding carriage of nickel ore.

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Safety Alert: Indian Iron Sinking Ships

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Sep 112009

Asian Forest - Not made for liquid cargo

Warnings about the hazards of liquefaction of iron ore cargos loaded in India have been repeated by P&I clubs after incidents involving several vessels including Hodasco 15, Vinalines Mighty , the Tonghai, earlier involved in the rescue of seafarers from the Genius Star, and the Black Rose in which a chief engineer perished trying to save his ship. Similar warnings were issued by the North of England P&I Club following the loss of the Asian Forest.

Iron ore is often stored in the open, collecting moisture during the rainy season. This cargo can become a ‘muddy slush’, a process called liquefaction, in a matter of minutes in the holds of bulk carriers. Bulkers are not designed to carry liquids and the loss of the vessel too often results.

Documentation indicating moisture content may be more a matter of wishful thinking than accurate analysis. Threats of violence have made in Mindanao, Philippines,  when the ship’s personnel wanted to question and probe the veracity of information provided and test the cargo to be loaded.

The problem is excarebated during and following the rainy season.

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Unwanted Cargo Sinks Ship

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Jul 232009

Master's might need iron resolution to avoid the Asian Forest's fate

“Just say ‘no’” says the North of England P&I Club apparently in response to the sinking of the China-bound general cargo ship Asian Forest off the Indian coast on 17 July. It is suspected that her foundering, without loss of life, was due to the liquefaction of her cargo of iron ore fines, already rejected by another vessel.

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