Colregs Breach Led To China Fatalities – CMB Biwa/Lu Ri Yu 1608

 Accident report, China, collision, collision regulations  Comments Off on Colregs Breach Led To China Fatalities – CMB Biwa/Lu Ri Yu 1608
Dec 282009
 

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Lack of adherence to colregs and a fishing boat operating in the wrong place led to a collision between the 30,000 gt bulker CMB Biwa and a 77 gt fishing boat in Rizhao port, Shandong Province, China, on 5 May 2009. Two fishermen died, three remain missing and two were injured in the incident.

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Maritime Safety News – 29 May 2009

 maritime accidents, maritime safety news  Comments Off on Maritime Safety News – 29 May 2009
May 302009
 

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Got News? Send it to news@maritimeaccident.org

Two dead, one rescued in gas poisoning accident on Chinese ship
Xinhua – China
The navy ship was alerted for help because local maritime rescue ships could not approach Zheyuyu 1616 on the rough sea. Six hours later the navy reached .

2 hospitalized in La. after explosion on vessel
The Associated Press
NEW ORLEANS (AP) — Two crew members have been flown to a hospital after an explosion aboard a supply vessel off the Louisiana coast.

Fire breaks out on Italian ferry, all safe
The Associated Press
The cause of the fire was still being investigated. The ship, which belongs to the Italian ferry company Tirrenia di Navigazione SpA, was being towed

Ship runs aground in Bosporus strait
eTaiwan News – Taiwan
AP A maritime official says a St.-Vincent and Grenadines-flagged ship has run aground in Istanbul’s Bosporus. Salih Orakci, head of Turkey’s coast security,

Australian officials consider quarantine to keep cruise ship
USA Today – USA
The Brisbane Times reports only passengers who live in Brisbane or the surrounding state of Queensland will be allowed to leave the ship

Dead skipper’s family to sue trawler owners
New Ross Standard – Wexford,Ireland
However, a stability investigation to understand the stability profile of the vessel prior to the sinking was carried out by the MCIB

Harbour crash inquest witness admits to lie
ABC Online – Australia
In the statement she said she did not see or hear the HarbourCat, the Pam Burridge, prior to the collision.

Refrigerated cargo, indeed

A RUSSIAN ship captain has been charged with illegally transporting 56 passengers for four days, with a prosecutor alleging that they were essentially trapped in the refrigerated hold.

MCA publishes ‘Our Plans for 2009-10’

Maritime Journal – Fareham,UK
As part of its work towards tackling seafarer fatigue, MCA surveyors will be taking a critical look at the hours of work/rest records during surveys

Newcastle harbour chain secrets revealed
Newcastle Herald – Newcastle,Australia
Safety Bureau’s investigation into the Pasha Bulker grounding on Nobbys Beach for refit and another ship will take over the rest of the operation.

Eyes on the ocean
Times-Standard – Eureka,CA,USA
The system can be used to track oil spills — it helped during the massive spill from the Cosco Busan in San Francisco Bay — and to determine the direction

NOAA Says Changes in Vessel Operations May Reduce Risk of Endangered Whale Shipstrikes

Years of study and effort by NOAA and the U.S. Coast Guard will pay off this summer when two changes to shipping lanes into Boston

NTSB: Expanded Release of Accident Investigations to Begin Next Week

Washington, DC (May 28th 2009): The National Transportation Safety Board today announced that it will begin to release all accident investigation public .

Piracy

Kadhafi wants Somali exclusion zone to fight piracy
AFP
such as Frontex — the EU agency specialised in border security — to protect “our maritime wealth” and warned against the spread of piracy.

G8 discuss cooperation on organised crime and piracy
Reuters UK – UK
closer cooperation in fighting organised crime and greater aid to African states to tackle drug trafficking cartels and rising maritime piracy.

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That Old Familiar Tired Feeling

 accident reporting, bulk carrier, casualties, China, collision, fatigue  Comments Off on That Old Familiar Tired Feeling
Sep 202008
 

Pit a fatigued, overworked officer keeping a watch alone at night aboard a 68,000 DWT containership weaving his way through fishing boats off the coast of China against a 35,343 dwt bulker which has forgotten to switch on its navigation lightsd, with a wonky AIS, a bridge team that isn’t functioning well, concentrating on those same fishing boats and what you get is this:

That was the collision between the German-flagged boxship Hanjin Gotheburg and the Panama-flagged bulker Chang Tong on 15th September 2007 in the Bohai Strait, the busy gateway to Beijing. Still wedged together like mating mutts, the two ships were towed to calmer waters. Three days later a hurricane separated the two ships and the Chang Tong broke in two and sank.

Chang Tong breaks in two-

-And sinks

The investigation report by Germany’s Bundesstelle für Seeunfalluntersuchung , the Federal Bureau of Maritime Casualty Investigation, has recently been released in English and can be downloaded here.

MAC has looked at fatigue before, in the Case Of The Cozy Captain, and The Case Of The Baffling Bays, among others, you’ll find links to further information on the podcast transcripts page.

Fatigue at Sea , A Review of Research and Related Literature (World Maritime University)

Development of a Fatigue Management Program for Canadian Marine Pilots (Transport Canada)

Fatigue in Ferry Crews (SIRC)

Guide for Maritime Operations (US Coastguard)

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May 262008
 

In The Case Of The Electric Assassin I suggested that, if you’re going to enter an enclosed space without the proper equipment or precautions then dig two graves, one for yourself and one for the poor sods who’ll try and rescue you. That recommendations was validated by two virtually identical incidents, several thousand miles apart, within just 24 hours.

There’ll be little wonder that maritime casualty investigators grind their teeth in frustration when these enclosed space incidents occur, partly because they keep happening and partly because little is done to stop them happening.

On 20th May this year at Port Everglades a dock superviser, Hyman Sooknanan, entered an enclosed space aboard Madelaine, a 110 metre cargo ship, to investigate a suspected leak of argon from a container gas tank.

He didn’t return, nor did he respond to radio calls. Worried, a second docker, James Cason, wrapped a shirt around his face and entered the space to find out what happened to Sooknanan. He didn’t reappear either. Now a third man, Rene Robert Duterte did the same, with the same result.

In 20 minutes, three men were dead, the last two because they’d tried the help the first.

Argon isn’t chemically poisonous but it does displace oxygen in the air, asphyxiating the victim. It gets you almost without warning and wrapping something around your face isn’t going to stop it happening when there’s no oxygen in the atmosphere to breathe.

On 22nd May in Chongming Dadong Shipping Yard, Shanghai, 21st May in Florida, three Filipino seafarers died and 10 were injured, all from a single vessel, the Hakone, in an incident involving leakage of another suffocating gas, carbon dioxide.

As research by Don Sheetz of the Vanuatu Registry for the Maritime Accident Investigators International Forum shows, these were not isolated incidents. In just three months, Sheetz gathered reports on 120 enclosed space incidents with 228 from just 16 flag registries over a period of about 10 years. With figures from the largest registries still not available, some estimate that the true figure may be as high as 1,000 deaths.

Says Sheetz:”We are concerned that this is just the tip of the iceberg and will ultimately become a larger issue than, say, dropping of lifeboats.

The numbers are simply too high, and the incidents too frequent, to dismiss as unfortunate one-offs. It is unsatisfactory to conclude that it was the victims’ faults, because they, and their would-be rescuers, didn’t follow procedures, and close the book

What they show is that there is something deeply wrong with the system and with the industry that allows deaths on such a scale without a qualm. If there were qualms, there would be a solid drive to find a solution and there isn’t one. It’s a record of which the industry should be ashamed.

It is self-evident that training is inadequate in the first place and the necessary drills are not being carried out onboard or alongside in the procedures for safe entry and rescue from confined spaces.

Training will be ineffective unless backed-up by a positive management level commitment to managing safety, assessing competence onboard and developing a safety culture from company head-office to the master to the deputy chief assist cook’s chief assistant deputy. All too often putting a safety management system on a ship is little more than a butt-covering exercise to avoid liability when the worse happens.

Let’s look at it another way. If the estimates of deaths in enclosed spaces are reasonably accurate, and there’s every reason to believe they are, then enough lives have been lost to put crew on 40 to 50 cargo ships. Currently the industry is going through paroxysms of recruitment to fulfill manning needs of the future, maybe they should spend just a little more time trying to keep alive the ones they’ve already got.

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